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Analgesia and Pain Management
Anesthesia and the Elderly
  • American Society of Anesthesiology. Frequently asked questions about anesthetic considerations for elderly. Click here for article.
  • Bettelli G. Anesthesia for the elderly outpatient: preoperative assessment and evaluation, anaesthetic technique and postoperative pain management. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2010;23:726-731. Abstract:
  • Bettelli G. Preoperative evaluation in geriatric surgery: comorbidity, functional status and pharmacological history. Minerva Anestesiol. 2011;77:637-646. Click here for article.
  • Sieber et al. Preventing postoperative complications in the elderly. Anesthesiol Clin. 2011;29:83-97. Article:
  • Yang et al. Unique Aspects of the Elderly Surgical Population: An Anesthesiologist's Perspective. Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil. 2011;2:56-64. Abstract:
Comprehensive Considerations
  • Altshuler et al. Pain, agitation, delirium, and neuromuscular blockade. A review of basic pharmacology, assessment, and monitoring. Crit Care Nurs Q. 2013;36:356-369. Abstract:
  • Zambouri A. Preoperative evaluation and preparation for anesthesia and surgery. Hippokratia. 2007;11:13-21. Click here for article.
  • Bergeron et al. Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist: Evaluation of a new screening tool. Intensive Care Med. 2001;27:859-864. Abstract:
  • Khan et al. Comparison and agreement between the Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale and the Riker Sedation-Agitation Scale in evaluating patients' eligibility for delirium assessment in the ICU. Chest. 2012;142:48-54. Article:
  • Shehabi et al; SEDCOM (Safety and Efficacy of Dexmedetomidine Compared with Midazolam) Study Group: Delirium duration and mortality in lightly sedated, mechani¬¨cally ventilated intensive care patients. Crit Care Med. 2010;38:2311-2318. Abstract:
Neuromuscular Blockade
  • Corso. Train-of-four results and observed muscle movement in children during continuous neuromuscular blockade. Crit Care Nurse. 2008;28:30-38. Article:
  • Grosse-Sundrup et al. Intermediate acting nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents and risk of postoperative respiratory complications: prospective propensity score matched cohort study. BMJ. 2012;345:e6329. Click here for article.
  • Murphy et al. Postoperative residual blockade is associated with impaired clinical recovery. Anesth Analg. 2013; 117:133-141. Abstract:
  • Thilen et al. Intraoperative neuromuscular monitoring site and residual paralysis. Anesthesiology. 2012;117:964-972. Click here for article.
  • Wilson et al. Residual neuromuscular blockade in critical care. Crit Care Nurse. 2012;32:e1-e9. Click here for article.
Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade
Obese Patients and Bariatric Surgery
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Marcus et al. American Academy of Pediatrics. Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatrics. 2012;130:e714-e755. Click here for article.
  • Marin et al. Association between treated and untreated obstructive sleep apnea and risk of hypertension. JAMA. 2012;307:2169-2176. Click here for article.
  • Kaw et al. Perioperative care of patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2011;13:496-507. Abstract:
  • Pedrosa et al. Obstructive sleep apnea: the most common secondary cause of hypertension associated with resistant hypertension. Hypertension. 2011;58:811-817. Click here for article.
Team-Based Care
Surgical Considerations in Cardiac Patients
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